At this moment, societies are changing at a breakneck speed. Many welfare states
turn into participation states, which has consequences for the position and power of
citizens. More and more, nations withdraw from their current tasks, and citizens are
made responsible for an increasing amount of duties in the society. Also the financial
crisis leads to a changing attitude of the citizens; increasingly they are expected to
solve their own problems.
Weak groups in our societies like children, elderly people and especially immigrants
have seen better days. In this book we present from 14 different countries in 5
continents, 23 articles how citizens, politicians, policy makers and managers can deal
with the challenging issue of the development of the community, particularly related
The contributions, which are a mix of theoretical background and policy examples,
inspire and force to action as it were. The reader can wait for further inspiration or get
to work. The authors are ready to support.